Costanoan Subdivisions and Villages

The Costanoan language formed one division of the Penutian linguistic stock. Costanoan speaking people lived on the California coast between San Francisco Bay and Point Sur, and inland probably to the Mount Diablo Range. …Costanoan Subdivisions and Villages»»

Agua Caliente Indian Reservation

The Agua Caliente Indian Reservation is home to the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians. This tribe received federal recognition in 1957.

The Agua Caliente Indian Reservation was founded in 1896. A period of forced cultural assimilation followed, including taking Indian children to boarding schools where they were forbidden to speak their language. …Agua Caliente Indian Reservation»»

Southwestern California Indian Tribes

Southwestern California Indian Tribes

Juaneño, Acjachemem Indian Tribe

Kumeyaay, Diegueño, Kumiai, southern California

  • Cuyamaca complex, late Holocene precolumbian culture
  • Ipai, southwestern California
    • Jamul, southwestern California
  • Tipai, southwestern California and northwestern Mexico

Luiseño Indian Tribe


Mohave Indians

The Mohave occupied some territory in the neighborhood of the Colorado River. The Mohave belonged to the Yuman linguistic family. …Mohave Indians»»

Cupeño Indians

The Cupeno spoke a dialect belonging to the Luiseno-Cahuilla branch of the Shoshonean division of the Uto-Aztecan linguistic stock. …Cupeño Indians»»

Kawaiisu Indians

The Kawaiisu belonged to the Shoshonean branch of the Uto-Aztecan linguistic family, and were a more immediate off-shoot, apparently, of the Chemehuevi. …Kawaiisu Indians»»